What Is the Major Differences Between Landscaping and Gardening?

Whether you’re gardening or landscaping, both actually involve maintaining and creating aesthetically and functional pleasing spaces in the outdoor area of your residential or commercial property. In golf courses, parks, tiny back yards and even building complexes, both activities can be professions or hobbies. Despite the similarities between gardening and landscaping, differences still exist between them. However, the line that is separating the two is usually subjective and blurry. In this article, you will be able to learn the differences of landscape design in Irvine California and gardening. 



During the 16th century, Dutch artists used the term “landschap” in order to describe scenery paintings on land. So, the term “landscape”, is a modern English word borrowed from the Dutch word landschap and it refers to an image of outdoor spaces. Therefore, landscaping is about visualizing pictures for a space as well as creating that certain space. In addition to that, landscaping also incorporates into the outdoor space some botanical elements like lawns, trees, shrubbery as well as other flora along with some hardscapes like planting beds, furniture, water features, pathways as well as different designs of fences.  

Landscape Professionals 

Landscape designers, architects, as well as contractors perform different yet overlapping services. As a matter of fact, landscape architects need a degree in the architectural landscaping and they should pass a national examination in order to obtain a license. In addition to that, these professionals also work on a wide variety of project scales and types, from designing as well as implementing a residential or commercial yard to planning resorts, transportation facilities, and even waterfront developments.  

Aside from that, landscape designers don’t require a formal education. However, professional associations can be able to accredit them basing on their own design work history. Thus, professional designers usually work on small residential projects and might not necessarily work with big landscape contractors right after they have completed the design process. Also, landscaping service providers implement the building’s designer or architect’s vision and incorporating the botanical elements and hardscape. Landscape contractors can also limit their services to maintenance of gardens and yards, in which particular case they’re essentially professional gardeners. 


Gardening, just like landscaping, also involves planning, design and maintenance. However, gardening often involves only the plants in an outdoor space. Gardeners and landscape designers can be able to sketch designs for a yard or garden as well as determine a list of plants, but only the experts in gardening will weed, plant, replace, cultivate as well as harvest the plants. Furthermore, gardening is considered as an ongoing activity since it requires specialized and tending care throughout the year. Aside from that, gardening also requires expertise and knowledge from knowledgeable and experienced individuals when it comes to several natural processes such as climates, soil ecology, water drainage, plant physiology as well as pest infestations.  

Gardening Professionals 

Expert gardeners may have a degree in botany or horticulture. Other professional and expert gardeners might also complete a certain master gardener program in order to be considered as a professional and master gardener.